About Topical/Thematic Stamp Collecting
Where will you get the stamps?
Catalogues and magazines
In the early days of my thematic collecting I did quite a bit of systematic 'catalogue surfing', looking for and noting issues needed for my chosen themes (which, incidentally, are domestic and wild cats, owls and Winston Churchill. I spend most time, money and energy on the domestic cats collection). It's extremely useful, if working with UK catalogue numbers, to have one's own set of SG Simplified catalogues, but they don't need to be replaced every year; libraries in larger towns usually have a set. I also find one or more monthly stamp magazines to be essential, both to be aware of new stamps being issued, for interesting background reading and learning more about the hobby, and sometimes for the advertisements. Probably the journals most widely seen in the UK are Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Stamp Magazine and Stamp & Coin Mart (W.H. Smith generally keep all these, or would order them for you; or you can take out an annual subscription directly from the publishers). Other countries no doubt have their own stamp journals: in the US I believe the weekly Linn's Stamp News is the leading publication, and there is also the monthly American Philatelist, journal of the American Philatelic Society.
In the past I used to write to many dealers and small advertisers, asking about stamps from a particular country or on a particular topic; nowadays that's rarely necessary, as we have the internet. Nearly all my stamps now are ordered online, from auction sites (see below), from dealers, or directly from various countries' philatelic bureaux. Personally I have had no problems with using my credit card, as long as one observes the usual online security issues; but it is possible to pay many people now using secure online arrangements such as provided by PayPal or Moneybookers. Without question the stamp community in general is very friendly and helpful, and I have only very rarely had problems of any kind. There may be the odd 'bad apple', and you might occasionally get unanswered letters or e-mails; once I even had money taken without the stamps being sent, but that's certainly the exception. I doubt such people stay in business long!
The best-known auction site is of course eBay, and I've found it worth looking regularly not only at the main eBay site, but also at other country sites such as eBay UK as they can have different items listed. I have also found the Delcampe site very useful; it's run from France, but is available in English too. Auction sites like these can come up with some really good bargains in stamps, covers and associated material sometimes offering things one did not even know existed.
There are now not many stamp shops in the UK, and most of them are in big towns, but for a more proactive approach to stamp buying than online purchases there are stamp fairs held throughout the year all over the country; there will be a selection happening most weekends and some are likely to be reasonably near you. They range from small-town affairs with just a few dealers to very large ones with dozens. Thematic collectors are increasingly catered for. Again, I've found nearly everyone is friendly and helpful, even if they don't have anything you want. If you attend the same fair on several different occasions, people may start to recognise you and possibly keep for you particular items they think will interest you or that they know you want. I have very rarely left even the smallest fair without at least something new for my collection. The times and locations of fairs are listed in the magazines mentioned above. I don't know how widespread this kind of event is in other countries; however, when I worked in Prague in the mid-1990s there was a large stamp fair there every Sunday morning.
It's worthwhile, in my opinion, travelling at least once a year to visit a larger fair, if you don't live near a venue already. The twice-yearly Thematica fair was the most important one for thematic collectors in recent years; however, rising costs meant that as from 2009 it was no longer held in central London. A once-yearly replacement, called Thematix, will be held in Twickenham, south-west London, starting in June 2009; but there are other events also worth a visit. There's a sizeable fair held at York Racecourse twice a year; similarly Stampex and Philatex in London are twice-yearly shows. You will generally find far more than you can afford! There are regular fairs in a number of Continental countries as well; an occasional trip to one of those especially to a dedicated thematic fair could be a great experience, as you will find a whole new set of dealers and probably a fair amount of material unfamiliar to you.
You might like to investigate whether there's a special-interest group devoted to your particular stamp theme(s); there are a number in the UK, and many more in the United States. They can be accessed via the British Thematic Association or the American Topical Association, neither of which costs a lot to join. As far as cat stamps are concerned I don't think there's a group in the UK dedicated to them, but the Cats on Stamps Study Unit (COSSU) is an active group in America, with members worldwide and an excellent quarterly newsletter. There's also an online discussion group devoted to stamps featuring domestic and wild cats.
What will you collect?
You're going to collect stamps, naturally! but first of all there are one or two decisions to be made. Let's assume you are going to collect 'cat stamps'. Are you going to collect only stamps with nice portraits of cats, or will you as I do include any stamp that has any representation of a cat, even if only a very small part of the design? That can lead to some interesting searches with a good magnifying glass! A second basic decision is whether to try to get only the stamps with cats on, or whole sets (which might mean only one cat stamp in a set of a dozen or more). Personally I like whole sets, as that keeps the cats in the context in which they were issued, and I get some attractive non-cat stamps as well. And should I ever wish to sell, sets will be worth considerably more than odd stamps.
There are many associated things that you could add to a topical stamp collection to expand and enhance it, according to your interests and, of course, your budget. Many sets these days include miniature sheets. You could omit them, but I think they form part of the set and should be included. Some stamps come in imperforate versions as well as the usual perforated ones; but beware mostly they are hard to find and are likely to be much more expensive. De luxe miniature sheets were issued by some countries, especially French-speaking ones; they also are not so easy to track down. Sometimes stamps come in booklets; they may have a different cat portrait on the cover from on the stamps or a booklet might have a cat picture on the cover, but no cats on the stamps inside. Will you include these? Often these days there are self-adhesive stamps in booklets, and ordinary gummed stamps of the same design in sheets; will you collect both kinds?
Cancellations (postmarks) with cat pictures are fun, quite numerous and usually cheap to buy. Covers (envelopes) with cat stamps on them form an important part of my own collection; I especially look for postally used ones (commercial covers) that have been through the mail system. That's what stamps are for, after all, and I like to see that some of those 'pretty' stamps in my collection can actually be used on letters! First-day covers are something else again; they are specially produced and often the price you pay exceeds considerably what they are worth but they can include interesting cancellations and/or attractive cat pictures. Then there are maxicards, which are postcards with a picture complementing the stamp and having the cancelled stamp on the front. And there are various forms of postal stationery that sometimes have cat pictures on (airmail letter forms, prepaid envelopes and the like). Some of the French PAP ('prêt à poster') envelopes feature cat pictures.
Finally, if you get really 'hooked' and have the funds, there are things like proofs ('progressive' proofs are especially interesting), essays and artwork. These are stages in the production of the finished stamp, and come onto the market from time to time although it helps to know where to look. There are a few errors that I know of on stamps showing cats.
You can see that, should you so wish, there's a great deal of scope for the topical/thematic collector, be it of cats or any other topic on stamps; and what you include in your collection is entirely up to you!
How will you keep your collection?
Stock books and albums
Good-quality stock books, with pages holding transparent cellophane strips are probably the best way to begin with. Stamps are easily arranged and then rearranged as new ones are added. A good pair of tweezers will be needed, to avoid handling or damaging your prized acquisitions. As you progress you will probably become more ambitious, and will want to show your stamps to better advantage; many kinds of loose-leaf album are available, and can be selected according to taste and budget. Not many people use stamp hinges these days unused stamps mounted with them are not now considered to be 'mint', and their value drops substantially.
I keep my cat stamps in loose-leaf, ring-bound albums, mounting each set (even if only one stamp) on a separate page. I use individually trimmed 'Hawid' black mounts to hold each stamp, to protect it and show it off against a white page. This is not a particularly cheap option, but I think it's worth the outlay to protect this collection that I've gone to so much time, trouble and expense to assemble. As neatly as I can, I then write on the page the country of origin, the date or at least year of issue, the purpose of the issue (if there is one) and, as far as I know them, details of the designers, printers, printing method and perforation measurements. By each separate stamp, I put the SG catalogue number where applicable (or Michel for so-called 'appendix' issues) and what the stamp depicts. If I have any other information of special interest relating to the issue, I add that too. In common with most thematic collectors, I find I want to know things, not only about my actual stamps but about the subject matter and other aspects: I've learned a lot, not least about geography!
Arranging the collection
As far as possible, I put on facing pages all the items to do with a particular set; that is, the basic stamps, any miniature sheets or varieties, and any covers I have. Mostly this works well, although sometimes it takes more than two sides if there's a big set or a number of other items. I doubt I shall change my system now (too time-consuming!), but loose-leaf albums are available that have ready-made sleeves to accommodate covers, stamps, blocks, etc., so that every item to do with one particular issue is together. At present, my main cat-stamp collection is in alphabetical country order, but I've separated off into their own albums Disney issues, Great Britain issues, 'local' stamps (or carriage labels), and the more dubious present-day issues (which are 'bogus' or illegal). Further subdivision would obviously be possible if required.
I would be pleased to answer to the best of my ability any questions arising from the above, including providing contact details not given in the links below
The following links may be useful:
British Thematic Association
American Topical Association
Cats on Stamps Study Unit (COSSU)
Philatelic Bureaux & Postal Administrations of the World
Stamp Shows website
Royal Mail Stamps & Collecting
Gibbons Stamp Monthly (Stanley Gibbons Ltd)
Linn's Stamp News, a weekly publication. NB: the former Scott Stamp Monthly has been merged into Linn's Stamp News, and we believe a monthly Special Edition issue includes some of the Scott features.
Stamp & Coin Mart
Stamp Domain, Thematic Philately
eBay and eBay UK
Phildom (for Domfil catalogue of cat stamps)
Skrill (formerly Moneybookers)
Home Advisor - a useful introduction to stamp collecting for US-based collectors
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